Analysis On Seven Systems Of Plastic Machine

- May 15, 2019-

The injection molding machine is one of the commonly used plastic machines in the process of plastic processing. The structure of a plastic mechanical molding machine is usually composed of an injection system, a die system, a hydraulic transmission system, an electrical control system, a lubrication system, a heating and cooling system, and a safety monitoring system.
The role of the injection system injection system: The injection system is one of the most important components of the injection molding machine. Generally, there are three main forms of plunger type, screw type, and screw pre-plastic plunger injection type. At present, the most widely used is screw type. Its role is to inject molten plastic into the mold cavity through a screw at a certain pressure and speed after heating and plasticizing a certain amount of plastic within a specified period of time in a cycle of a plastic injection machine. At the end of the injection, the fuse injected into the cavity is kept in shape. Composition of the injection system: The injection system consists of a plasticized device called Hedongli. The molding device of screw injection molding machine is mainly composed of feed device, material tube, screw, glue assembly and shot mouth. The power transfer device includes an injection cylinder, a moving cylinder for the injection seat, and a screw drive device(melt motor).
The role of the die bonding system: The role of the die bonding system is to ensure that the mold is closed, opened and topped out products. At the same time, after the mold is closed, the mold is supplied with sufficient locking force to resist the mold pressure generated by the molten plastic entering the mold cavity, preventing the mold from opening and opening, resulting in the unfavorable status quo of the product. Composition of the die closing system: the die closing system is mainly composed of the die closing device, the machine winch, the die adjusting mechanism, the top out mechanism, the front and rear fixed template, the moving template, the die closing cylinder and the security protection mechanism.
The function of hydraulic transmission system of hydraulic system is to realize the power of the injection molding machine according to the various actions required by the process, and to meet the requirements of pressure, speed, temperature, etc. of each part of the injection molding machine. It is mainly composed of various types of hydraulic components and hydraulic auxiliary components, in which oil pumps and motors are the power sources of injection molding machines. All kinds of valves control the pressure and flow of oil and liquid, so as to meet the requirements of the injection molding process.
The electrical control electrical control system and the hydraulic system cooperate reasonably to realize the process requirements(pressure, temperature, speed, time) and various program actions of the injection machine. It is mainly composed of electrical appliances, electronic components, meters(see the following figure on the right), heaters, sensors, etc.. There are generally four types of control methods, manual, semi-automatic, fully automatic, and adjustment.
The heating / cooling heating system is used to heat the cartridge and the injection nozzle. The injection cartridge is generally used as a heating device, installed on the outside of the cartridge, and tested by thermocouple sections. Heat provides heat source for material plasticization through tube wall heat conduction; The cooling system is mainly used to cool the oil temperature. If the oil temperature is too high, it will cause a variety of faults. Therefore, the oil temperature must be controlled. Another place to be cooled is near the feed outlet of the feed pipe to prevent the raw material from melting at the feed outlet, causing the raw material to fail to discharge normally.
Lubrication system Lubrication system is a circuit that provides lubrication conditions at the moving parts of the injection molding machine, moulding device, connecting rod hinge, shooting table, etc., in order to reduce energy consumption and improve the life of parts. Lubrication can be a regular manual lubrication. It can also be automatic electric lubrication;
Safety Monitoring The safety device of plastic mechanical injection molding machine is mainly used to protect the safety of human and machine. It is mainly composed of safety doors, safety baffles, hydraulic valves, limiting switches, and photoelectric detection components to achieve electric-mechanical-hydraulic interlocking protection. The monitoring system mainly monitors the oil temperature, material temperature, system overload, as well as the process and equipment failure of the injection molding machine, and indicates or alarms the abnormal situation.